The thyroid is a small gland found at the base of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. It affects many aspects of our general health status such as metabolism, heart, bowel, brain and fertility. Problems can develop if the gland is either overactive (hyperthyroid) or underactive (hypothyroid). When evaluating one’s thyroid status, ordering a screening blood tests such as TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) and examining the thyroid starts the process. If the doctor feels a nodule, we perform a (FNA) fine needle aspiration biopsy to find out what caused it. Understanding abnormalities in blood tests and possible causes of thyroid diseases can be challenging and requires expert care.
Endocrinologists have the deepest insight in the evaluation of thyroid disease and follow professional societies’ guidelines (such the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists [AACE], and the American Thyroid Association [ATA]) to assure the correct diagnosis leading to personalized treatment.